Working with Language
In comics what the characters speak is put in bubbles. This is direct narration. When we report what the characters speak, we use the method of indirect narration.
Study these examples.
First farmer: Why are your men taking away the entire crop?
Second farmer: Your men have taken away everything.
Officer: You are still in arrears. If you don’t pay tax next week, I’ll send you to jail.
The first farmer asked the officer why his men were taking away the entire crop.
The second farmer said that their men had taken away everything.
The officer replied that they were still in arrears and warned them that if they did not pay tax the following week, he (the officer) would send them (the farmers) to jail.
1. Change the following sentences into indirect speech.
(i) First man: We must educate our brothers.
Second man: And try to improve their material conditions.
Third man: For that we must convey our grievances to the British Parliament. The
first man said that ______________________________________________
The second man added that ______________________________________
The third man suggested that ____________________________________
(ii) First soldier: The white soldier gets huge pay, mansions and servants.
Second soldier: We get a pittance and slow promotions.
Third soldier: Who are the British to abolish our customs?
The first soldier said that _______________________________________
The second soldier remarked that ________________________________
The third soldier asked _________________________________________
(i) The first man said that they must educate their brothers.
The second man added that they should try to improve their material conditions.
The third man suggested that they must convey their grievances to the British Parliament.
(ii) The first soldier said that the white soldier gets huge pay, mansions and servants.
The second soldier remarked that they get a pittance and slow promotions.
The Third soldier asked who were the British to abolish their customs.